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Item ended: 2017-07-19 09:00
IP status: Granted (B1)

EP2665127 (B1)

A multipurpose device for transmitting radiation

A multipurpose device for transmitting radiation

No abstract available.

Device for healing, rejuvenation and life extension Biotron.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B6fF2bMUEjr7Tm1kVmJKakpOUHM/view?usp=sharing
Applicants
QUANTRILL ESTATE INC 
Inventors
KOMRAKOV EVGENY VYACHESLAVOVICH 
Examination:
Amendments year (claims and/or description)
Date of request: 2014-05-06
Payment:
Renewal fee payment year 03
Date of payment: 2015-03-05
Payment:
Renewal fee payment year 04
Date of payment: 2016-02-08
Examination:
First communication from the examining division year 13162660
Date of dispatch: 2016-05-04
Examination:
Intention to grant the patent
Date of dispatch: 2016-05-04
Translation claims: 2016-08-18
Grant fee paid: 2016-08-19
Print fee paid: 2016-08-19
Field of the invention
[0001] The invention relates to an antenna design and may be used for effectively concentrating radiation emitted by a distributed source on an object placed in the focal area of the antenna.
Background of the invention
[0002] The last few decades have been a period of transition from powerful single ultrahigh frequency (UHF) radiation sources such as magnetrons, klystrons, traveling wave lamps, and so on to distributed radiation sources consisting of a plurality of single solid-state elements. Similar developments occur with lamps in the light and ultraviolet ranges as well. Powerful single lamps are increasingly replaced with distributed light-emitting diode systems. It is common knowledge that a plurality of single solid-state UHF elements or light-emitting diodes improves the reliability and economic efficiency of the systems many times over. This invention can be used with a high effect specifically for concentrating radiation emitted by such and any other distributed radiation systems consisting of single elements.
[0003] A variety of inventions are used in prior art to transmit radiation from a source to an object. In particular, a prior art device for treating liquids with ultraviolet radiation disclosed in Russian Patent RU 2,177,452, published on December 27, 2001 , comprises a hollow outer cylindrical shell provided with orifices at the base thereof and an inlet and outlet pipes connected thereto, and a hollow inner cylindrical shell provided with stiffening ribs and arranged coaxially with the outer shell; ultraviolet lamps placed in housings of a material transparent to ultraviolet radiation in the annular gap between the shells parallel to the generatrices thereof and inserted into the orifices at the base of the outer shell, and flux generating means. The lamps are spaced in the annular gap along concentric circles, the inlet and outlet pipes are coaxial with the shells, and the flux generating means are provided on the directrixes of the inner shall on the outer side thereof. The prior art device is difficult to manufacture technologically and, therefore, has a high prime cost; besides, the lamps used in it have a low economic efficiency and reliability.
[0004] The closest related prior art of this invention is a device for transmitting radiation from a source to an object that is disclosed in Russian Application RU 2009133146 published on March 10, 2011 . The device comprises a radiation source placed in a shielded chamber together with object positioning means and two antennas designed as truncated segments of a spherical surface and placed opposite one another at a distance equal to the radius of the spherical surface, the object positioning means being placed in the combined focal area of both antennas, and the radiation source being provided in the aperture plane of either of the antennas.
[0005] The device is disadvantageous because radiation is transmitted from the source to the object with an insufficient efficiency, radiation is concentrated extremely unevenly, the combined focal area is not large enough, and the radiation power cannot be varied unless the radiation source itself is replaced.
Summary of the invention
[0006] The technical result achieved by the use of the claimed invention consists in greater efficiency of radiation transmission from a source to an object, the possibility of radiation power variation, a more uniform concentration of radiation, a significant increase in the volume of the focal area without replacing the radiation source itself, increased reliability of the system, and reduced power requirements.
[0007] The claimed technical result is achieved in a multipurpose device for transmitting radiation from a source to an object comprising two antennas, each designed as a truncated segment of a curved surface, established with the formation of the joint focal zone reconfigurable, concentration and volume by varying the distance between the antennas, a distributed source of radiation provided in the aperture plane of at least one of the antennas or in one of the focal areas of each antenna, and an object placed in the combined focal area of the two antennas. The curved surface of each antenna may be a spherical or cylindrical surface, and the distributed source of radiation is provided in the aperture plane of at least one of the antennas. The antennas may be arranged opposite, or at an angle to, one another to produce a combined focal area.
[0008] This technical result is also achieved by further providing the multipurpose device with at least an additional pair of spherical or cylindrical antennas in a plane normal to the plane of the first pair of antennas.
[0009] Furthermore, the curved surface of the antennas may be formed by at least a pair of elliptical cylinders arranged opposite one another to produce a combined focal area for an object to be placed therein, with distributed sources placed in the two other focal areas. One elliptical antenna only is used in at least two planes and the distributed source is provided in the focal area of each antenna, the object being placed in the combined focal area of these antennas.
[0010] The antennas designed each as a truncated segment of a curved surface and arranged to produce a combined focal area increase significantly the concentration of radiation in the focal area and, accordingly, enhance the efficiency of radiation transmission from a source to an object.
[0011] A device provided with at least a further pair of spherical or cylindrical antennas in a plane normal to the plane of the first pair of antennas is capable of varying the radiation power and making concentration of the radiation more uniform by expanding significantly the volume of the focal area without replacing the radiation source itself.
[0012] The distributed radiation sources enhance the reliability of the system and reduce power requirements.
Brief description of the drawings
[0013] The claimed invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein: FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional view of the device having one pair of spherical antennas and two distributed sources; FIG. 2 is a three-dimensional view of the device having one pair of cylindrical antennas and two distributed sources; FIG. 3 is a sectional front view of the device having spherical or cylindrical antennas; FIG. 4 is a sectional top view of the device having spherical antennas; FIG. 5 is a sectional front view of the device having two pairs of spherical or cylindrical antennas; FIG. 6 is a three-dimensional view of a device with two pairs of elliptic cylinders with subject in the focal zone of the joint and distributed sources in the second focal areas; FIG. 7 is a sectional unit with a pair of spherical or cylindrical antennas at an angle to each other; FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating the calculation of the focal length of the spherical antenna.
Description of the preferred embodiment
[0014] The claimed multipurpose device for transmitting radiation from a distributed source to an object comprises two antennas 1 coated with a material that reflects UV or IR beams well or, when UHF is used, made of copper or another nonmagnetic metal in the shape of truncated segments of a spherical or cylindrical surface. The antennas are arranged opposite one another at a distance equal to between 0.6 to double the radius of the spherical or cylindrical surface. The focal areas of the spherical or cylindrical antennas lie at a distance equal to half of their radius, and in this embodiment they are combined as two intersecting three-dimensional spheres or two three-dimensional cylinders 6. The means for positioning a radiation source 3, which may be designed, for example, as a stand having UV light-emitting diodes or solid-state UHF elements, or other radiation sources 2, arranged thereon, are provided in the aperture plane of either or both antennas 1. An object 4 is positioned in the focal areas of antennas 1. The assembled device is placed in a chamber 7. The spherical or cylindrical antennas may serve as the walls of the chamber as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 3, or be used as separate antennas located inside chamber 7.
[0015] The device may further be provided with at least an additional pair of antennas positioned opposite one another at a distance of 0.6 or double the radius of the spherical or cylindrical surface in a plane normal to the plane of the first pair of antennas. In this embodiment, at least one further distributed radiation source is placed in the aperture of such further antennas. This configuration produces a combined focal area in the shape of a three-dimensional cross. A third pair of antennas may also be provided on top and at the bottom of the focal area of geometric shape similar to the one described above. One or two distributed radiation sources provided in the aperture of the top and bottom antennas produce a three-dimensional combined focal area in the shape of three-coordinate cross.
[0016] The device operates as follows: Object 4 is placed in focal area 5. One or two stands 3 provided with radiation sources 2 is/are placed in the aperture plane of either or both antennas 1 in the chamber. Both antennas in each pair reflect the radiation of sources 2 and concentrate it in focal areas 6, with object 4 placed therein.
[0017] When the claimed device is operated, it is reasonable to use antennas having the radius of their spherical surface equal to 4 meters, a length of 4 meters, and a height of 2.5 meters to concentrate radiation, for example, UV radiation. It is reasonable to have a radiation source measuring 3 by 2 meters. All the elements of each distributed source transmit radiation to both antennas.
[0018] Since the light-emitting diodes have a small geometrical size (3-5 mm in diameter), several thousand light-emitting diodes of this type arranged on a stand made of a UV-transparent material block a maximum of 2% of the light reflected from either of the antennas. The additional optical losses of the system only total around 1%. Where UV or IR radiation is used, the object positioning means may be designed as a container made of a UV- or IR-transparent material, for example, quartz glass, or another. Where the distributed source is used in the UHF range, the stand and the object positioning means are to be made of radio-transparent materials.
[0019] FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating calculation of the focal length FP of a concave spherical or cylindrical antenna of a radius R for a beam incident on the antenna in parallel with the main optical axis at a distance a therefrom. The geometrical configuration of the problem is clearly shown in the drawing. In an isosceles triangle AOF, the side OF can easily be described in terms of the base OA = R and its angle α:
[0020] The isosceles triangle OBA yields:
[0021] In which case The desired focal length from the point F to the pole P:
[0022] This is an equation for the focal area of a spherical or cylindrical antenna. The longer the distance a from the axis to the parallel beam the further the focus moves toward the antenna. For an antenna of a radius R = 4 meters and a = 0.5 meter, the focus shift is 1.5 cm, for a = 1.0 meter, the focus shift is 7.5 cm, and for a =1.5 meters, it is 16 cm. The maximum distance a from the axis to the outermost parallel beam is 1.5 meters for the 3 meter long radiation source.
[0023] These calculations were made for only the principal optical axis. In a spherical or cylindrical surface, a multitude of principal optical axes may extend from the center to the surface within the limits of the effective angular aperture of the antenna.
[0024] Radiation emitted by all the elements of a source 3 meters long and 2 meters high to a section of a spherical antenna of the same length and height within the limits of its angular aperture in parallel with a multitude of optical axes can, therefore, produce a three-dimensional focal area beginning at a distance R/2 from the antenna and extending 16 cm toward the antenna. Radiation has the highest concentration at about R/2 from the antenna. Concentration does not take place at a distance of over 16 cm from R/2 toward the antenna. Two spheres arranged at a distance of, for example, the radius plus 4 cm use 12% of the additional volume of the combined focal area in which the concentration is high enough because concentrated radiation from both antennas reaches this area for the concentration level of radiation to be distributed more evenly over the volume of the combined focal area.
[0025] Provided that the antennas have the aforesaid dimensions and are arranged, for example, at a distance of the radius plus 4 cm, the effective combined focal area of both spherical antennas measures 1.2 x 0.6 x 0.36 meters (compared to 1.2 x 0.6 x 0.32 meters, or 12% smaller in volume, in the closest prior art device).
[0026] If a distributed source measuring 2 by 3 meters and consisting of a multitude of elements is placed in the spherical antenna aperture of the claimed device having antennas 4 by 2.5 meters, 4 meter radius of the sphere or cylinder, and distance between the antennas equal, for example, to the radius plus 4 cm, this large-volume source produces a smaller volume focal area of 1.2 x 0.6 x 0.36 meters. Each principal optical axis forms a focal line 16 cm long. The effective angular aperture of this antenna is equal to approximately 30 by 20 degrees. With principal optical axes examined at intervals of 1 degree, each antenna has at least 600 axes, or a total of 1,200 axes for both antennas.
[0027] All the elements of the source transmit radiation to an antenna measuring 3 by 2 meters in parallel with each of the 1,200 principal optical axes. Radiation is concentrated at a high magnification ratio for each focal line 16 cm long, and the 1,200 focal lines produce a very efficient three-dimensional focal area 1.2 x 0.6 x 0.36 meters in size at a high magnification ratio at each point of its volume.
[0028] In the case of cylindrical antennas 4 by 2.5 meters placed opposite one another at a distance of 4.04 meters, their combined focal area also measures 0.6 by 0.36 meters, and has a length of 4 meters.
[0029] With spherical or cylindrical antennas 4 by 2.5 meters positioned at a distance of the radius minus 16 cm, the combined focal area has a thickness of 16 cm only, but an energy concentration twice as large as in the case of the antennas positioned at a distance of the radius or slightly larger than the radius.
[0030] The device may have other dimensions as well, within the range of 0.05 meter to tens of meters, depending on the radius of the spherical or cylindrical surface.
[0031] With several thousand UV light-emitting diodes used in the device, its total power may reach several kilowatts. The device reduces power inputs several-fold because light-emitting diodes of identical radiation power are more economical than ordinary powerful lamps, and also lower power requirements, or increase significantly its throughput capacity as a result of radiation of a distributed source being concentrated by both antennas within a relatively small combined three-dimensional focal area.
[0032] The use of two antennas in the form of segments of a spherical or cylindrical surface, placing them in such a way as to form joint focal zone, the installation of a distributed source of radiation in the plane of the aperture of one or both antennas and transmission of radiation in the focal zone of the joint of the two antennas, which is an object that allows many times to increase the reliability of the system several times to reduce power consumption by using more efficient light-emitting diodes, a substantial increase in the focal zone or reducing its volume to double the level of concentration, more evenly distribute the concentration of radiation in the focal zone, and, due to the concentration of radiation increase the efficiency devices. The use of one or two extra pairs of antennas in other planes, for example, perpendicular to the first pair of antennas with distributed sources in the plane of the aperture of the antenna to create a three-dimensional joint focal area of two or three pairs of antennas with high energy density.
[0033] The curved surface of the antenna can also be made in the form of at least one pair of elliptic cylinders 1, facing each other with the creation of a joint focal zone 6, which houses the object 4, and the other two focal areas are distributed sources 2 (Fig.6). In this case, the configuration, the concentration and volume of the joint focal zone can be controlled by increasing the distance between the antennas or decrease this distance, if necessary to make the device more compact. Elliptical cylinders can be mounted at an angle so as to form a joint focal zone, similar as shown in Fig. 7.
Industrial applicability
[0034] The claimed multipurpose device for concentrating radiation transmitted from a distributed source to an object positioned in a three-dimensional focal area may be used for irradiating liquids or gases pumped through the focal area, for example, for disinfecting water with UV radiation, heating running water, and other liquids and gases in the IR range, treating oil and gas products, and so on. The device may also be used for treating and disinfecting solid and free-flowing products, such as chemical fertilizers, seeds, and bulk food products. This multipurpose device can also be used for drying wood, UHF therapy, and the like. Liquids and gases may be treated in a flow-through system, bulk products may be treated in a system in which they pass slowly in a continuous flow through the focal area by gravity, and in the case of wood drying or UHF therapy, a quantity of wood or a patient is placed in the focal area for a certain time period. This multipurpose device can also be used in the ultrasonic range in systems for preparing uniform mixtures, cleaning, laundering, treatment of liquids, and in many other devices within any ranges of electromagnetic and sound waves.
1. A multipurpose device for transmitting radiation from a source to an object, characterized in that it comprises two antennas, each designed as a truncated segment of a curved surface, established with the formation of the joint focal zone reconfigurable, concentration and volume by varying the distance between the antennas, a distributed source of radiation provided in the aperture plane of at least one of the antennas or in one of the focal areas of each antenna, and an object placed in the combined focal area of the two antennas.
2. A multipurpose device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the curved surface of each antenna is a spherical or cylindrical surface, and the distributed radiation source is placed in the aperture plane of at least one of the antennas.
3. A multipurpose device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the antennas are arranged opposite one another to produce a combined focal area.
4. A multipurpose device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the antennas are arranged at an angle to one another to produce a combined focal area.
5. A multipurpose device as claimed in claim 1, further provided with at least one pair of spherical or cylindrical antennas in a plane normal to the plane of the first pair of antennas.
6. A multipurpose device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the curved surface of the antennas comprises at least a pair of elliptical cylinders positioned opposite one another to produce a single combined focal area for an object to be placed therein, distributed sources being arranged in the two other focal areas.
7. A multipurpose device as claimed in claim 5, wherein one elliptical antenna only is used in at least two planes, one distributed source being placed in the focal area of each antenna, and an object being placed in the combined focal area of said antennas.
Technical details

Device for rejuvenation and life extension Biotron.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B6fF2bMUEjr7Tm1kVmJKakpOUHM/view?usp=sharing

Application examples

 Healing

Rejuvenation 

Life extention

 

 

Environmental aspects

 No any danger

Financial aspects

 License  7% from turn over or selling patent on the country.

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